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Validation

Lift provides three attributes to help you validate your model's public properties.

Rules

⚠️ The rules will be validated only when you save your model (create or update)
The Rules attribute allows you to set your model's public properties validation rules the same way as you would do with the rules function on a FormRequest, but you can set it directly on your public properties.
use Carbon\CarbonImmutable;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\Cast;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\Fillable;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\Hidden;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\Rules;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Lift;
final class Product extends Model
{
use Lift;
#[Rules(['required', 'string'])]
#[Fillable]
public string $name;
#[Rules(['required', 'numeric'])]
#[Fillable]
#[Cast('float')]
public float $price;
#[Rules(['required', 'integer'])]
#[Fillable]
#[Cast('int')]
public int $category_id;
#[Rules(['required', 'boolean'])]
#[Fillable]
#[Cast('boolean')]
public bool $is_active;
#[Rules(['required', 'date_format:Y-m-d H:i:s'])]
#[Fillable]
#[Cast('immutable_datetime')]
public CarbonImmutable $promotion_expires_at;
#[Rules(['required', 'string'])]
#[Hidden]
#[Fillable]
public string $sensitive_data;
}
You can also pass a second parameter to the Rules attribute to set a custom error message for the validation rule.
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\Fillable;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\Rules;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Lift;
final class Product extends Model
{
use Lift;
#[Rules(['required', 'string'], ['required' => 'The Product name can not be empty'])]
#[Fillable]
public string $name;
}
The validation messages work with localization, so you can set your messages ina lang file and under the hood, Lift will use the __() helper to get the message.

CreateRules

⚠️ The rules will be validated only when you create your model
The CreateRules attribute works the same way as the Rules attribute, but the rules will be validated only when you create your model.
In the example below the name property will be validated with the set rules for both when creating and updating the model. The email and password properties will be validated only when creating the model.
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\CreateRules;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\Fillable;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\PrimaryKey;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\Rules;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Lift;
class User extends Model
{
use Lift;
#[PrimaryKey]
public int $id;
#[Fillable]
#[Rules(rules: ['required', 'string'], messages: ['required' => 'The user name cannot be empty'])]
public string $name;
#[Fillable]
#[CreateRules(rules: ['required', 'email'], messages: ['required' => 'The user email cannot be empty'])]
public string $email;
#[Fillable]
#[CreateRules(['required', 'string', 'min:8'])]
public string $password;
}

UpdateRules

⚠️ The rules will be validated only when you update your model
The UpdateRules attribute works the same way as the Rules attribute, but the rules will be validated only when you update your model.
In the example below the name property will be validated with the set rules for both when creating and updating the model. The email and password properties will be validated only when updating the model.
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\Fillable;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\PrimaryKey;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\Rules;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\UpdateRules;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Lift;
class User extends Model
{
use Lift;
#[PrimaryKey]
public int $id;
#[Fillable]
#[Rules(rules: ['required', 'string'], messages: ['required' => 'The user name cannot be empty'])]
public string $name;
#[Fillable]
#[UpdateRules(rules: ['required', 'email'], messages: ['required' => 'The user email cannot be empty'])]
public string $email;
#[Fillable]
#[UpdateRules(['required', 'string', 'min:8'])]
public string $password;
}

Mixing Rules

You can also mix the three validation attributes to set different rules for creating and updating your model.
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\CreateRules;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\Fillable;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\PrimaryKey;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\Rules;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Attributes\UpdateRules;
use WendellAdriel\Lift\Lift;
class User extends Model
{
use Lift;
#[PrimaryKey]
public int $id;
#[Fillable]
#[Rules(rules: ['required', 'string'], messages: ['required' => 'The user name cannot be empty'])]
public string $name;
#[Fillable]
#[CreateRules(rules: ['required', 'email'], messages: ['required' => 'The user email cannot be empty'])]
#[UpdateRules(['sometimes', 'email'])]
public string $email;
#[Fillable]
#[CreateRules(['required', 'string', 'min:8'])]
#[UpdateRules(rules: ['sometimes', 'string', 'min:8'], messages: ['min' => 'The password must be at least 8 characters long'])]
public string $password;
}